The distinguishing mark

Buying jewelry is not only an opportunity to complete your collection of jewelry but also a promising investment. It is therefore important not to make mistakes and time to recognize negligent sellers that sell fakes. In anticipation of the International jeweler’s day, which is celebrated on 31 January, the correspondent of “RIAMA.” figured out how to distinguish the real jewels and where to complain if you have sold a fake.

Most often place of purchase of the jewelry speaks for itself. Do not buy jewelry kiosks and tents from illegal traders, better beware of pawn shops. There are chains and earrings can be cheaper, however, nobody can guarantee that they will not be fake.

It is best to choose to buy specialized jewelry stores that sell jewelry of famous brands. Jewelry in these stores are more expensive, but you will always know where to complain in case you purchase counterfeits. You can always ask the sellers at the client to check the gold: in most stores there is a special fixture. The refusal of the seller – the first sign of forgery.

It should also refrain from buying gold abroad. In many countries, a sample of the jewelry is not put at all, so to detect fake jewelry will be more difficult.

Pure gold has a bright yellow color. Not made because the metal is very soft. To make solid gold, add silver, zinc, Nickel, copper, cadmium or cobalt. If the product and Nickel silver more than gold, it is white.

The main distinguishing mark of real gold jewelry tag with all necessary data. There must be specified the name of the manufacturer, the price per gram and per product, article of jewelry, its weight, and the fineness and stamp of the technical control Department. In addition, the product should stand trial. It tells about the incidence of pure metal in jewelry. For example, 585 indicates that the product is 58.5 % gold. Do not buy decoration, if the mark with the sample unclear or missing.

The inner side of the jewelry should be polished without any irregularities. Preferably, the inner side was the logo of the company that produced decoration.

By purchasing a bracelet or earrings, you need to pay attention to the clasp: it should not be scratched. If, after the purchase to wear fake jewelry every day, then a week later the gold will darken. The darkening suggests that the gold in the product at all, and the decoration itself can cause allergies.

If there are doubts about the authenticity of the jewelry, it is not necessary to resort to home experiments – it is better to carry the product to the check to your jeweler. It is only after certain actions will be able to accurately determine the gold or not.

The inlays of precious stones also has its own characteristics. On the tag to the ornament with inlays of diamonds must contain the number of diamonds with the same characteristics, the cipher of the type of cut, total carat weight, the group color of the mineral, its purity and quality of the cut of the stone. From emeralds and sapphires are important to the transparency of the stone and its shade – it needs to be clean, without brownish or yellow color. Rubies have a bright and deep red color.Real pearls can be identified by color and texture – in the light it has a pale blue shade, and is never perfectly smooth.

When you purchase definitely need to check carefully whether there is on the insert cracking or chipping. You also need to pay attention to the quality of the lock – it should not be too easy to open, and the locks of the bracelets and brooches should have the fuses.

First and foremost, you should contact the store where the purchase was made. Please bring your decoration along with your check and request to replace the product, repair it in case of discovery of defects or take back to the store, getting the amount paid. Gold – the long lasting user. It has a warranty period during which you can request a replacement.

If the replacement was denied, you must write a complaint to store management and to demand an immediate trial. Deceived the buyer also has every right to complain to the CPS or to the police, wrote a statement about the fraud.

The first jewellery originated in Ancient Greece

According to history, the first jewellery originated in Ancient Greece. It was at that time in jewelry there are different precious stones, and pearls were embroidered clothing, symbolizing wealth of the owner.

In Russia, the jewelry emerged in 9-12 centuries. Most often precious stones were used, gold and silver rims, but the stones were regarded as symbols of Supreme power. Production of Russian gems began only in the 17th century, it became the center of the Urals and Siberia.

Currently, jewelers are popular. Any woman happy to try on rings, earrings and bracelets that have precious stones. Naturally, highly prized natural jewels, but they cost accordingly. So jewelers have learned to imitate their cubic Zirconia is almost indistinguishable from real stones.

In Tyumen you can order the adornment from jewelers and collect a whole set that can become a family heirloom.

Jewelers from different countries congratulate on their professional holiday on January 31

It is believed that the idea of creating this festival first appeared in 2002 at the festival “Golden ring of Russia” held in Kostroma. And in 2008 in Tashkent at the festival of young jewelers, it was decided to establish January 31 as the international day of the jeweler. The date was chosen due to the fact that in January the jewellers register their brands.

The birthplace of jewelry is called Ancient Greece. It was first produced stone carvings, there were decorations made of precious metals with semi-precious stones. The jewelry used precious stones, pearls, amber, gemstones. Small pearls was made to embroider and outerwear.

The history of jewelry in Russia begins with the birth of Kievan Rus and the Vladimir-Suzdal Principality (IX-XII century). Centers of Russian jewellery art at different times was the old Russian city of Veliky Ustyug, Vologda, Kostroma, Nizhny Novgorod, Novgorod, Pskov, Yaroslavl, Saint-Petersburg, Moscow and many others.

In Russia it was widely used gold and silver settings for stones and gems themselves are considered a symbol of Supreme power. They instructionalist crown, the scepter, the Royal scepter and Orb. The Royal pantry is constantly enriched with gems, which were transported from all over the world.
In the middle of XVII century began the production of Russian gems. The Urals were discovered deposits of malachite, and in Siberia, was mined agate, cornelian and Jasper.

Under Peter I the Ural gems gained worldwide fame. In Russia began to build grinding and lapidary factories. And age of Catherine II became one of the pinnacles of Russian jewelry. The jewellery factories of those times is characterized by original combination of new forms and at the same time traditional Russian aesthetic.

For each time in the Russian jewelry art is a popular combination of scales of gems. If the second half of the XVII century works by Russian jeweler factories were distinguished by the Union in a single product with bright sapphires and rubies are often combined with enamels, in the XVIII century a favorite gem of the aristocracy was the brilliant — cut diamond.

In the middle of the XIX century in Russia began to extract the precious stones – diamonds, emeralds, topazes, and rubies. The art of stone working at that time reached a high level. From the Ural gems were made not only jewelry, but also various objects of art: vases, figurines, candlesticks, table tops that are in great demand among the wealthy public.

In the second half of the XIX century was based jewellery house fabergé has quickly gained popularity and began to execute the orders of the Royal family. Jewelry fabergé used rock crystal, Jasper, jade, lapis lazuli and various kinds of quartzes. Jewelry house fabergé has supplied its products to almost all the Royal and Imperial houses of Europe, Asia and Africa. Come down to today Faberge items are very highly valued collectors.

In the Orthodox tradition the patrons of blacksmiths and jewelers think of saints Cosmas and Damian. A celebration in honor of their memory is called Kuzminki and is celebrated twice a year – July 14 and November 14 in the new style.

For Catholics there is the legend of Dunstan’s, Holy patron of blacksmiths and jewelers. Once in his forge, the devil appeared and demanded a Shoe to his hoof. Dunstan recognized the devil and began to Shoe it so painful that he asked for mercy. Dunstan released the devil only after promising that he will never visit the place where a horseshoe. The feast day of St. Dunstan’s — may 19.

There are also regional holidays in honor of this profession. So, since 2010 in accordance with the decree of the President of the Republic of Sakha Yakut jewelers celebrate their professional holiday on October 23.